1961 T-Shirt

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Some historical events from 1961:

January 1961: The birth control pill was launched in the UK. John F. Kennedy became the 35th president of the United States. The Queen began a tour of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Iran. The first contraceptive pills went on sale in Britain.

February 1961: The Sunday Telegraph was first published. The first spacecraft to the planet Venus was launched.

March 1961: Alan Shepherd became the first American man in space, taking a 15 minute sub-orbital flight, 115 miles above the Earth. George Formby, the English entertainer, died. Russian dog Laika was launched into space aboard the spacecraft Sputnik 9. Black and white Bank of England five pound notes ceased to be legal tender. A revised version of the New Testament was published.

April 1961: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit the Earth. Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, was awarded the Order of Lenin. Rebel forces failed to invade Cuba at the 'Bay of Pigs'. There was a revolt in the South African country of Angola. The National Census day took place in Britain. General de Gaulle of France ordered a blockade of Algeria. Sierra Leone, in Africa, became an independent republic.

May 1961: Betting shops became legal in Britain. Alan Shepard became the first American into space. Gary Cooper, the famous Hollywood actor, died. The New English Bible was first published. Filming began on the epic 'Lawrence of Arabia'. Guildford Catherderal was consecrated. President Kennedy announced the plan to send men to the Moon. The last ever Orient Express from Paris to Bucharest ran. South Africa became an independent republic.

June 1961: The United Kingdom gave up control of Kuwait. Dr Ramsey became the new Archbishop of Canterbury. NASA's X-15 rocket plane reached a record speed of 4,105 mph.

July 1961: The United States launched astronaut Gus Grissom aboard Mercury 4.

August 1961: Cosmonaut Titov circled the Earth for a full day in Vostok 2. Britain first applied for membership of the EEC. The border between east and west Berlin was sealed off by the East Germans.

September 1961: An Argentinian became the first person to swim non-stop across the Channel and back.

October 1961: Britains youngest ever Conservative MP, Margaret Thatcher, was given her first governmental job . Following a volcanic eruption, the entire population of the South Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha was evacuated to Britain. Malta was granted independence from Britain.

November 1961: Elvis Presley reached number one in the record charts with 'Latest Flame'.

December 1961: The whole of south East England was plunged into darkness for two hours, due to an error by an electrician. Birth control pills became available on the NHS. The author Frank Richards, of the Billy Bunter stories, died.